best camera gear camera brands Canon Common Photography Questions Gear Nikon Sony Technology

Canon vs. Nikon vs. Sony

A humorous portrait of a giraffe with camera lenses for eyes - canon vs nikon vs sony

On the subject of pro-level, full body cameras, three manufacturers typically come to thoughts first — Canon, Nikon, and Sony. All three manufacturers create wonderful cameras and optics. So the robust query stays — how do you select between Canon vs. Nikon vs. Sony?

All three have cameras wonderful sufficient for a lot of professionals, together with some entry-level choices for newcomers.

However when you commit to at least one model, switching turns into much more costly. You should swap lenses and flashes too.

Selecting the best model from the beginning is all of the extra necessary. That will help you make that selection, we’ve put collectively this text with all it’s worthwhile to find out about Canon vs. Nikon vs. Sony.

[ExpertPhotography is supported by readers. Product links on ExpertPhotography are referral links. If you use one of these and buy something we make a little bit of money. Need more info? See how it all works here.]


A humorous portrait of a giraffe with camera lenses for eyes - canon vs nikon vs sony

Canon’s historical past dates all the best way again to a “Kwanon” 35mm digital camera in 1934. At the moment, Canon produces cameras in almost each class, together with DSLRs, mirrorless, and compacts.

Canon’s DSLRs carry the EOS identify, which stands for Electro Optical System. The EOS marked the primary absolutely digital mount system in 1987. This allowed lenses and our bodies to speak with one another and in addition for a number of technological advances.

Even digital cameras proceed the EOS identify. That is why Canon gives a wide array of various EOS lens choices with the EF mount in addition to the EF-S mount. The latter is designed for the corporate’s APS-C DSLRs, which have a smaller sensor than full body.

Canon at this time is understood for each their high-end cameras and beginner-friendly choices. Costs are sometimes aggressive with Nikon and Sony. However Canon tends to have decrease costs on lenses and better costs on our bodies when in comparison with Nikon.

A close up of a canon dslr lens - - canon vs nikon vs sony

Most of the EOS our bodies use a twin pixel autofocus system. This implies two halves of every pixel work collectively when autofocusing, for a system that works properly with each stills and video.

Simply 5 years in the past Canon was recognized for being simply as adept at video as stills. However that’s not precisely the case anymore. A Canon can nonetheless shoot fairly respectable video, however the firm has been sluggish so as to add new options, like 4K.

Canon’s greatest (and costliest) DSLR is the EOS-1D line. The present mannequin is the EOS-1D X Mark II with a 14 fps burst and a 20.2 megapixel full body sensor.

That powerhouse is adopted by the extremely detailed EOS 5D collection, just like the 50 megapixel EOS 5DS R. The only digit cameras are full body, together with the EOS 6D and 7D collection.

A canon dslr camera - best dslr camera for beginners canon or nikon

Canon’s APS-C DSLRs have a two digit quantity, just like the Canon EOS 80D. Canon Rebels are the model’s most reasonably priced choice. These are wonderful for learners, just like the Canon EOS insurgent T5i or T6.

Whereas Canon is extra recognized for DSLRs, the corporate has as handful of respectable mirrorless choices too. The EOS M line is a collection with an APS-C sensor. And the model lately launched their first full body mirrorless, the Canon EOS R.

The underside line? Canon is a wonderful model, trusted by many photographers. Picture high quality and distinction are sometimes good, and the twin pixel autofocus is superb.

Canon has been a bit slower in including 4K video (although that’s already altering). Canon cameras additionally typically have a tendency to make use of model particular phrases, like utilizing a Television on the mode dial to designate Shutter Precedence Mode. This will typically be harder to study.


A Nikon DSLR camera

Nikon has been creating optics since 1917, launching their first digital camera in 1948. Immediately, Nikon is understood for his or her DSLRs, spanning from learners to professionals. Additionally they have a couple of smaller cameras like the favored superzooms with a best-in-class zoom.

Like Canon, Nikon’s lengthy historical past signifies that there are many lenses to select from. These cowl the tremendous extensive to the acute telephoto, every little thing in between and specialty lenses like macro and fisheye.

Photographers capturing with a Nikon even have a wide selection of flashes and different equipment. Nikon lenses are typically greater priced than Canon’s, however the Nikon physique is usually decrease priced.

Nikon at present is most recognized for DSLRs, typically immediately recognizable by that pink swoop on the grip. Photographs from the newest Nikon DSLRs are likely to have restricted noise, sharp topics and strong colour. Even so, some say Nikon colours have a bit an excessive amount of greens and yellows.

Nikons additionally use phrases that may be simpler for rookies to know, like shutter precedence mode as an alternative of Television mode and calling steady autofocus AF-C as an alternative of Canon’s Al Servo.

Nikon’s spot metering modes will even learn the sunshine at the focus as an alternative of solely metering the sunshine on the middle of the picture. This makes getting an correct publicity quicker.

A Nikon DSLR set up on a tripod - best DSLR brand to buy

Nikon’s priciest DSLR is the Nikon D5 with 20.eight megapixels and 12 fps steady capturing. Nikon’s D850 falls shut behind (and in some areas outperforms) the D5 with a high-resolution 45.7 megapixel sensor.

Decrease numbers within the identify means fewer options, however a nonetheless succesful DSLR just like the D750 and D610.

For APS-C cameras, Nikon presents a variety. From cheap newbie cameras to high-end, quick cameras.

The Nikon D500 is the present flagship for the corporate’s DX collection cameras with a 20.9 megapixel sensor and a 10 fps burst mode, adopted intently by the Nikon D7500.

The Nikon D3500 will get newbies began for less than (and sometimes on sale for underneath) $500. The Nikon D5600 presents a number of extra extras whereas nonetheless sticking with a low worth level.

Nikon camera and lenses resting on a map

A number of the greatest Nikon DSLR know-how (although not all) has now migrated to mirrorless with the corporate’s new Z collection. The Nikon Z7 and Z6 supply most of the favourite options of the model’s DSLRs. They usually add extras like picture stabilization — which the Canon’s EOS R doesn’t supply.

The complete-frame mirrorless collection is Nikon’s solely mirrorless in the mean time. The Nikon 1 collection with a smaller 1-inch sensor was discontinued.

Photographers will probably be very proud of a Nikon digital camera. Whereas actual parameters range by digital camera, Nikon tends to supply strong picture high quality, a superb construct, quick efficiency and loads of equipment.

Some photographers choose Canon’s shade science. However the terminology utilized by Nikon could also be a bit easier for newbies simply beginning out.


A photographer shooting through a Sony dslr camera

Sony isn’t a DSLR model. The electronics firm is most recognized within the images group for its mirrorless cameras, notably the full-frame line.

Sony didn’t begin producing cameras till 1988. They usually have been by no means closely invested into DSLR cameras.

However the truth that Sony wasn’t as closely invested into the normal DSLR boded nicely for the corporate’s mirrorless line. Sony took dangers launching the Alpha collection, however ones which have finally created wonderful cameras with an extended listing of options.

The Sony full body line consists of two totally different collection, the A7 and the A9. The Sony A7 collection began the excitement for the complete body mirrorless.

Cameras with the R within the identify have the upper decision. These with an S are designed for low mild. And Cameras with none letter add-ons is designed for reasonably priced options.

The A7 collection is now on its third era. In comparison with the EOS R and Nikon Z, the corporate has had extra time to refine, add options and create a robust autofocus system. 

The same A9 digital camera additionally has a full body sensor. Nevertheless it mixes that with a superb 20 fps burst velocity, making it the higher choice for quick motion. Sony additionally has a superb however not as well-known line of APS-C mirrorless cameras, just like the Sony a6500.

Whereas Sony wasn’t invested in DSLRs, the corporate nonetheless has a number of SLTs. These are just like DSLRs however use a translucent mirror. Sony hasn’t been dedicating as a lot time and assets into its SLTs. Photographers ought to proceed with excessive warning.

The Sony A99 II has a 42.four megapixel sensor, 12 fps capturing and in-body stabilization. The A77 II and A68 supply fewer megapixels however a lower cost level.

A flatlay of a sony compact camera and lenses

Together with the mirrorless and SLTs, Sony additionally has some wonderful superior compact cameras. The RX100 collection is a well-liked (although costly) line of compacts.

Sony, nevertheless, can also be the world’s largest provider of imaging sensors. Manufacturers don’t all the time wish to share who made the sensor. However you may purchase a digital camera with a special model identify on it and find yourself with a Sony sensor.

That’s okay as a result of Sony makes good sensors.

Sony has a number of the greatest mirrorless cameras available on the market — however they haven’t been round so long as Canon and Nikon. Sony’s lens choices are a bit extra restricted than the lenses from Canon and Nikon.

That’s altering as Sony methods develop in reputation. Probably the most incessantly used lens are simply out there in a Sony mount/ In the event you use extra obscure lenses like specialty lenses and excessive telephotos, you’ll need to take a look at Sony’s present lens choices first.

Canon Vs. Nikon Vs. Sony: Which One’s the Greatest Model? 

Every digital camera model has some quirks, however Canon, Nikon and Sony all make nice cameras. The most effective half concerning the Canon vs. Nikon vs. Sony debate? The fixed competitors has every model all the time pushing to launch the perfect digital camera.

One yr, it might be a Canon, the subsequent a Nikon and the subsequent a Sony — all of it is determined by the person digital camera.

Photographers will typically want one system over the opposite. The essential factor to recollect is that, viewing the photographs aspect by aspect, nobody is aware of for those who shot that picture with a Canon, a Nikon or a Sony.

The digital camera is simply the device — the photographer utilizing that software issues extra.

The silhouette of a photographer against a stunning orange sky - canon vs nikon vs sony

Should you’re prepared to purchase a brand new digital camera however aren’t positive but what model to decide on, right here’s what it is best to do. After, in fact, contemplating the variations above.

Go to a brick-and-mortar retailer that sells cameras and shoot with those which might be on show. How do they really feel in your palms? Does working with one really feel simpler or extra pure than the opposite?

Dig into the menus. Does one model’s really feel extra intuitive to you than the opposite? (An alternate is to lease a digital camera physique from every model).

Then, take a look at the lens choice — do the lenses you’ll be able to see your self shopping for sooner or later exist? How costly are they?

When you begin investing in lenses, swapping manufacturers turns into costly since you even have to modify out your lenses and flashes.

Subsequent, why not examine our full assessment on the Canon Powershot SX740!

A observe from Josh, ExpertPhotography’s Photographer-In-Chief:

Thanks for studying…

CLICK HERE if you wish to seize breathtaking photographs, with out the frustration of a sophisticated digital camera.

It is my coaching video that may stroll you how one can use your digital camera’s features in simply 10 minutes – at no cost!

I additionally supply video programs and ebooks overlaying the next topics:

You might be just some days away from lastly understanding tips on how to use your digital camera to take nice photographs!

Thanks once more for studying our articles!

Hillary Grigonis

Hillary Okay. Grigonis is a photojournalist turned way of life photographer. When she’s not taking footage, she’s writing images ideas and kit evaluations. She lives within the Nice Lakes state together with her husband and two younger youngsters.